What is Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle?

Gibbs’s Reflective Cycle is more of a practical cycle in contrast to the theoretical cycle. It is a practical tool that allows leaders and experts to turn their experiences into visions. This theory was created by Professor Graham Gibbs. There are 6 stages of the reflective cycle. So, these cycles are description, feeling, evaluation, analysis, conclusion, and also the action plan. You will obtain a vast knowledge of your experiences, boosting your skills of leadership, and also increasing your emotional level intellect.  

Thus, this cycle motivates a review of events and a critical study of feelings and reactions. So it offers a complete outline for, personal and career progress. Accept Gibbs reflective to improve your leadership style, learn from your experiences, and nurture a culture of on -going progress in your team.

Who is Professor Gibbs: The Mind Behind the Reflective Cycle?

Gibbs has had a great career in the field of learning and growth. As well he is also famous for his major effect on teaching, learning style, and evaluation.  His great work started in 1988 with the book Guide to Teaching and Learning Methods. This teaching method changed education.  Thus, Gibbs’s theory of reflection underlines the vital role of hands-on practice and useful testing in learning.  Also, he provides the reflective cycle, an original tool that could increase knowledge and boost skills over reflection.

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Gibbs Full Model of Reflective 

Now let’s take a look over all stages of the reflective model. And walk around a few examples of the Gibbs model reflection in action.

1. Description

Once you start the Gibbs theory of reflection, the first stage is where you create the stage for sharp reflection. It clarifies the situation precisely where it happens without tallying analyses or emotional replies. 

2. Feelings 

In this stage, you will have to search the emotional aspect of your skill which is known as the scrutiny and consciousness.  Below are the few things you have to focus on.

3. Early Emotions 

Consider return back of the event. What emotions were you facing? So you have to evoke your first gut reaction. 

4. Ensuing feelings 

Once the event finished, analyze how your emotions changed. So, you need to reveal any changes in your feelings as the time passes.

5. Effect on Others 

Now, you must place yourself in the shoes of others involved. In what way they have sensed. And detect any reactions or responses you saw.  

6. Evaluation 

This phase of evaluation is all about factually analyzing the experience. Hence, let’s break it down into small parts.

Positives and Negatives 

Now reflect on the event. What parts went fine and what others did not?  So what you need to do is try to become balanced in your evaluation. 

General Experience 

Think about the experience as the general. Was the experience you felt positive or negative? As well as analyze the reason you sense that way. 

What is your Position?

You ought to reflect seriously on your actions. What was your input on the success and the challenges of the situation?


Hence it is the time to examine the event more intensely.  So you have to focus on your knowledge of the why and how.

What are the reasons behind the effects?

You ought to disclose why things turned out the way they happened.  And what were the factors involved in the positive or negative effects?

Theoretical Bonds 

Could you attach any theories or models of your experience? This can provide a vast knowledge insight into your actions and their effects. 

Another situation  

Now suppose another action you might have taken. In what way these have changed the effect? 


Nursing Care Plan UK states that you will have to develop a useful lesson from the whole process. So you need to build a conclusion that will support you and combine what you have learned from the experience.  Hence you ought to develop strategies that will be useful in future situations.  Below are a few tips to style your conclusion.  

Key learning

Reveal on what you have studied from the experience. As well as what insight you have obtained about yourself, others, or the situation. 

Possible Progresses

Hence you need to think about what you have done differently. So you should classify any chances you have missed or ignored. And as well as improvement for personal growth. 

Skills for the future

Think about what skills or knowledge can support you in managing equal situations in the future. 

Action Plan

So in the last stage, you will have to develop plans for future situations. Hence let’s take a closer look at how you can do this. 

Applying changes 

Depending upon your reflections, define what certain actions will you take next time. So just create the outline steps that you plan to execute.

Defensive strategies 

Think about how you can stop negative effects in equal future situations. What process or tactics you will take on? 

Applying for Benefits

Think about utilizing the helpful benefits to your future experiences and leadership style. 

Final Thought:

Hence, in the end, if you are a boss Gibbs’s reflective cycle supports you in growing your team. Or you are an employee in a business where there is no constant professional growth.  So only the Gibbs theory can support you in reflecting on your skills growth and planning your next move. 

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